Edge computing quickly gained traction in B2B technology due to its ability to boost data processing speeds while lowering bandwidth requirements.
While many features of edge computing are not brand new, the overall picture is changing at a rapid pace. For example, “edge computing” incorporates the long-established distributed retail shop branch systems. The phrase has also encompassed a wide range of local manufacturing floor and telecoms provider computing systems, but in a more linked and less proprietary manner than was previously the case.
Even if some edge computing deployments have echoes of prior designs, organizations are seeing emerging edge trends that are genuinely new or at least very distinct from what was previously available. As sensor data and machine learning data expand, they are assisting IT and business leaders in solving problems in industries ranging from telco to automobile, for example.
In 2022, IT and business leaders should pay attention to the following edge computing trends.
Increase in edge workloads
More computing and storage are being deployed at the edge, which is a significant change for enterprises. Decentralized systems were often created to reduce reliance on network links rather than to perform tasks that couldn’t be done effectively in a central location with reasonably reliable communications. However, this is changing.
By definition, IoT has always involved at least data collection. What started off as a trickle has now evolved into a torrent as data for machine learning (ML) applications flood in from a variety of sensors. Even while training models are frequently generated in a centralized data center, their ongoing application is typically pushed out to the network’s edge. This reduces network bandwidth usage and enables quick local responses, such as shutting down a machine in reaction to anomalous sensor readings. The goal is to give information and take action when it is needed.
Virtual Radio Access Networks (vRAN) is becoming a more common edge use case
A radio access network is in charge of enabling and connecting devices to a mobile network, such as smartphones and internet of things (IoT) devices. Carriers are moving to more flexible vRAN architecture as part of 5G deployments, where high-level logical RAN components are disaggregated by decoupling hardware and software, and cloud technology is used for automated deployment, scaling, and workload placement.
Compared to proprietary or VM-based RAN solutions, cloud-native and container-based RAN solutions provide cheaper costs, better ease of upgrades and modifications, the ability to grow horizontally, and less vendor lock-in.
At the edge, confidential computing becomes more critical
Edge security necessitates extensive planning. Network connectivity, equipment, electricity, employees, and functionality are all available, but they are significantly less than what would be offered in a data center. Due to a lack of resources, the ability to ensure availability and security is limited. Confidential computing offers the ability to encrypt data while it is in use by the edge computing device, in addition to encrypting local storage and connections to more centralized systems.
This prevents the data being processed, as well as the program that is processing it, from being intercepted or tampered with. Due to the restricted edge resources, industry analysts predict that confidential computing on edge computing devices will become a core security solution for computing at the edge.